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Manual Testing Methodologies

by Beliswin R
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manual testing methodologies

The software testing methodology is a set of procedures for checking if an application works as intended and displays the expected results. These cover all aspects of testing, spanning the front end to the back end, and include system as well as unit testing.

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Table of Contents

  • Functional & Non Functional Testings
    • Testing Individual Units
    • Functionality Assessment
    • System Testing
    • Acceptance Testing
    • Performance Evaluation
    • Ensuring Data Security
    • Testing Using TestComplete
    • Compatibility Testing
    • Usability Testing
  • Conclusion

Functional & Non Functional Testings

Making sure your program can run well in many situations and on various platforms is the purpose of including several testing approaches into your development process. Functional as well as non-functional testing are the usual categories into which these fall. Testing the application’s functionality in relation to the needs of the company is known as functional testing. It includes all the different kinds of tests that make sure the product works as intended by utilizing use cases given by the business researcher or design team. It is common practice to do these tests in the following sequence:

  • Testing individual units
  • Testing of integration
  • Testing the system
  • Verification of satisfactoriness

All test kinds that concentrate on the software’s operational elements are a part of non-functional testing techniques.  A few examples are:

  • Evaluating performance
  • Safety evaluation
  • Testing for usability
  • Testing for compatibility

By incorporating both functional as well as non- software testing approaches into a strong testing framework, you can guarantee the release of high-quality software that your customers can readily accept.

Testing Individual Units

It is common practice for developers to do their own unit tests, which constitute the initial stage of testing. Software testing is the practice of checking the code level to make sure each component of a program is working properly and according to its design. In a test-driven setting, developers usually create and execute the tests before handing off the program or feature to the testing team. While manual testing of units is possible, automating the procedure will increase test coverage as well as shorten delivery cycles. Since problems are easier to fix when found early in the testing process, unit testing will additionally facilitate debugging. Developers as well as advanced testers may take a left turn with TestLeft, the quickest test automation solution that integrates with any integrated development environment (IDE).

We have seen all the features of Manual Testing in Manual Testing Training, but it is important to know the features of Manual Testing  which makes it ideal for some specific use cases. 

Functionality Assessment

A process that begins with comprehensive testing and continues with the integration of individual pieces results in modules or components tailored to carry out particular operations. After that, they are put through their paces in a test of integration to make that the software as a whole works as intended (i.e., that the units interact without a hitch). Common user scenarios used to frame these examinations include opening files or logging into an application. Both in-house developers and third-party testers are capable of carrying out integrated tests, which typically combine human and automated testing for functionality. 

System Testing

To make sure the finished and integrated system satisfies requirements, it’s necessary to conduct system testing, a black box testing technique.  Prior to releasing the product to the public, a testing team distinct from the creation team does comprehensive end-to-end testing of the functionality of the software. 

Acceptance Testing

The purpose of acceptance testing, which comes after functional testing, is to determine if the product is complete and ready for distribution. It entails checking that the item satisfies the requirements of the final consumer while also conforming to the initial set of corporate standards. To accomplish this, it’s necessary to put the product through its paces with internal as well as external testers, including your QA team as well as end users, for beta testing. For the purpose of gathering actual client feedback and resolving any remaining usability issues, beta testing is essential.

Performance Testing

Finding out how an application acts in different scenarios is the goal of performance testing, a kind of non-functional testing. The objective is to evaluate its stability as well as reactivity in actual user scenarios. There are four main categories of performance testing:

  • The goal of load testing is to ensure that your program, application, or site can manage the intended load by simulating rising quantities of demand.
  • This is where stress testing comes in; it determines how your software handles loads that are significantly higher than its normal operating conditions. 
  • Using both realistic and implausible load conditions, the objective of stress testing is to deliberately overload the application until it fails. Finding your software’s weak spot is easy with stress testing.
  • The purpose of durability testing, sometimes called soak testing, is to examine how an application handles a predetermined level of simulated stress over an extended period of time. It
  •  takes more time than stress or load testing (which typically terminate after a few hours) because you want to know how the system will react when used continuously. Endurance testing is essential because it finds memory leaks.
  • One kind of load testing is spike testing, which involves subjecting your program to increasingly greater bursts of simultaneous user or system activity for different durations. You should be able to use this to your advantage by learning what happens whenever the load is abruptly and significantly increased.

Ensuring Data Security

The security of data utilized and kept in software is becoming more important due to the proliferation of cyber threats and cloud-based testing platforms. One way to check if a system’s information and data are safe is through security testing, which is a kind of non-functional software testing. Intentionally exploring the program for vulnerabilities is the way to go if you want to identify security holes in the system that might result in data loss or unauthorized access. Various forms of this testing procedure exist, all with the common goal of confirming six pillars of security:

  • Integrity
  • Maintaining privacy
  • Availability, Authorization, and Authentication
  • Refutation-free zone

Testing Using TestComplete

When it comes to integration as well as compatibility testing, our powerful automated GUI testing solution, TestComplete, really shines. By facilitating the creation and execution of tests for desktop, mobile, and online apps, it aids QA teams in improving software quality as well as shortening delivery cycles. The developer-friendly source code management (SCM) connectors, built-in support for multiple test environments, and performance tool for testing integrations make Testcomplete a breeze to incorporate into your development workflow. With TestComplete, you can construct a strong testing framework that makes use of all the software testing approaches that are currently accessible.

Compatibility Testing

One way to find out how well a program or app will function in various settings is to do compatibility tests. Utilize it to make sure your product works with all the platforms, browsers, and operating systems out there. You should test your program in every possible scenario to make sure its features work as expected.

Usability Testing

Teams can check if features or the whole system are user-friendly by performing usability testing. The goal is to make sure the software looks the way it ought for certain actions, like checking in, and that its functionality matches up. Whether it’s during development or acceptance testing, usability testing finds out how simple it is for end users to browse and utilize an application. 

Sum It Up

Time is certainly not spared in the appropriately lengthy processes of software development, testing, and advertising.  If your program isn’t simple and quick to use, you’re leaving money on the table. Your brand’s perception by clients is dependent on this. 

You can’t beat manual testing especially when it comes to guaranteeing your program can fulfill these two criteria. This is especially true if your team has sufficient means, an ideal environment for software testing, and the most effective means of meeting your clients’ demands for solutions.

Author Bio:

Suneel, a Technology Architect with a decade of experience in various tech verticals like BPM, BAM, RPA, cybersecurity, cloud computing, cloud integration, software development, MERN Stack, and containerization (Kubernetes) apps, is dedicated to simplifying complex IT concepts in his articles with examples. Suneel’s writing offers clear and engaging insights, making IT accessible to every tech enthusiast and career aspirant. His passion for technology and writing guides you with the latest innovations and technologies in his expertise. You can reach Suneel on LinkedIn.

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